Most cats have a specific preference about where they want to eliminate. By following the suggestions outlined in this handout, you’ll be able to start off on the right foot with your new cat.
Most people are inclined to place the litter box in an out-of-the-way spot in order to minimize order and loose particles of cat litter in the house. Often, the litter box ends up in the basement, sometimes next to an appliance and/or on a cold cement floor. This type of location can be undesirable from your cat’s point of view for several reasons.
If you have a kitten or an older cat, she may not be able to get down a long flight of stairs in time to get to the litter box. Since she is new to the house, she may not remember where the litter box is if it’s located in an area she seldom frequents. Your cat may be startled if a furnace, washer or dryer suddenly comes on and that may be the last time she’ll risk such a frightening experience! If your cat likes to scratch the surface surrounding her litter box, she may find a cold cement floor unappealing.
Therefore, you may have to compromise. The litter box should be kept in a location affords your cat some privacy, but is also conveniently located. If you place the litter box in a closet or a bathroom, be sure the door is wedged open from both sides, in order to prevent her from getting trapped in or out. Depending on where it’s located, you might consider cutting a hole in a closet door and adding a swinging door. If the litter box sits on a smooth, slick or cool surface, put a small throw rug underneath it.
Types of Litter
Research has shown that most cats prefer a fine-grained litter, presumably because they have a softer feel. The scoopable litters usually have finer grains than the typical clay litter. However, high-quality, dust free, clay litters are relatively small-grained and may be perfectly acceptable to your cat. Potting soil also has a very sort texture, but it’s not very absorbent. If you suspect your cat has a history of spending time outdoors and is likely to eliminate in your houseplants, you can try mixing some potting soil in with her regular litter. Pellet-type litters or those made from citrus peels are not recommended. Once you find a litter that your cat likes, don’t change types or brands. Buying the least expensive litter or whatever brand happens to be on sale, could result in your cat not using the litter box.
Many cats are put off by the odor of scented or deodorant litters. For the same reason, it is not a good idea to put an air freshener or room deodorizer near the litter box. A thin layer of baking soda placed on the bottom of the box will help absorb odors without repelling your cat. Odor shouldn’t be a problem if the litter box is kept clean. If you find the litter box odor offensive, your cat probably finds it even more offensive and won’t want to eliminate there.
Number of Litter Boxes
You should have at least as many litter boxes as you have cats. That way, none of them will ever be prevented from eliminating in the litter box because it’s all ready occupied. You might also consider placing them in several locations around the house, so that no one cat can “guard” the litter area and prevent the other cats from accessing it. We also recommend that one litter box is placed on each level of the house. It’s not possible to designate a personal litter box for each cat in your household, as cats will use any litter box available. Occasionally, a cat may refuse to use the litter box after another cat has used it. In this case, all of the litter boxes will need to be kept extremely clean and additional boxes may be needed.
To Cover Or Not To Cover
Some people prefer to use a covered litter box, however, there are some potential problems with using this type of box. You may want to experiment first to see what your cat prefers.
- You may forget to clean the litter box as frequently as you should because the dirty litter is “out of sight, out of mind”
- A covered litter traps the odors inside, so it will need to be cleaned more often than an open one.
- A covered litter box may not offer a large cat enough room to turn around, scratch, dig or position herself the way she wants.
- A covered litter box may also make it easier for another cat to lay in wait and “ambush” the user as she exits the box. On the other hand, a covered box may feel more private and may be preferred by a timid cat.
Cleaning The Box
To meet the needs of the most discriminating cat, feces should be scooped out daily. How often you change the litter depends on the number of cats you have, the number of litter boxes, and the type of litter used. Twice a week is a general guideline for clay litter, but depending on the circumstances, you may need to change it every other day or once a week. If you scoop the litter daily, scoopable litter can go two to three weeks before the litter needs to be changed. If you notice an odor or most of the litter is clumped or wet, it’s time for a change. Don’t use strong smelling chemicals or cleaners when washing the litter box as it may cause the cat to avoid it. Washing with soap and water should be sufficient.
Some cats don’t mind having a liner in the box, and others do. Again, you may want to experiment with the liner to see if your cat is bothered by it or not. If you do use a liner, make sure it is anchored in place, so it can’t easily catch on your cat’s claws or be pulled out of place.
Depth Of Litter
Some people think that the more litter you put in the box, the less you have to clean it. This is not true. Most cats won’t use litter that is more than two inches deep. In fact, some longhaired cats actually prefer less litter and a smooth, slick surface, such as the bottom of the box. The litter box needs to be cleaned on a regular basis, and adding litter is not the way around this chore.
There’s really no such thing as “litter-training” a cat in the same way one would house-train a dog. A cat really doesn’t need t be taught what to do with a litter box. The only thing you need to do is provide and acceptable, accessible litter box, using the suggestions above. It’s not necessary to take your cat to the litter box and move her paw back and fourth in the litter, in fact, it’s not recommended. This may actually be an unpleasant experience for your cat and is likely to initiate a negative association with the litter box.
If Problems Develop
If your cat begins to eliminate in areas other than her litter box, your first call should always be to your veterinarian. Many medical conditions can cause a change in your cats litter box habits. If you veterinarian determines that your cat is healthy, the cause may be behavioral. Most litter box behavior problems can be resolved by using behavior modification techniques. Punishment is not the answer. For long-standing, or complex situations, contact an animal behavior specialist experienced with cats.
Humane Society of the United States. All rights reserved. Used with permission.